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Sreeja, Jamuna S. and Rince , John and Dhrishya , Dharmapal and Rohith, Kumar Nellikka and Suparna , Sengupta (2020) A Fresh Look at the Structure, Regulation, and Functions of Fodrin. Molecularand Cellular Biolog, 40 (17). ISSN 1098-5549

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Fodrin and its erythroid cell-specific isoform spectrin are actin-associated fibrous proteins that play crucial roles in the maintenance of structural integrity in mammalian cells, which is necessary for proper cell function. Normal cell morphology is altered in diseases such as various cancers and certain neuronal disorders. Fodrin and spectrin are two-chain (αβ) molecules that are encoded by paralogous genes and share many features but also demonstrate certain differences. Fodrin (in humans, typically a heterodimer of the products of the SPTAN1 and SPTBN1 genes) is expressed in nearly all cell types and is especially abundant in neuronal tissues, whereas spectrin (in humans, a heterodimer of the products of the SPTA1 and SPTB1 genes) is expressed almost exclusively in erythrocytes. To fulfill a role in such a variety of different cell types, it was anticipated that fodrin would need to be a more versatile scaffold than spectrin. Indeed, as summarized here, domains unique to fodrin and its regulation by Ca2+, calmodulin, and a variety of posttranslational modifications (PTMs) endow fodrin with additional specific functions. However, how fodrin structural variations and misregulated PTMs may contribute to the etiology of various cancers and neurodegenerative diseases needs to be further investigated.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: apoptosis, cell signaling, cytoskeleton, drug interactions, mitosis
Subjects: Cancer Research
Depositing User: Central Library RGCB
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2021 11:01
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2021 11:02
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/1007

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