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Vini, Ravindran and Juberiya M , Azeez and Viji, Remadevi and Susmi , T R and Ayswarya , R S and Anjana , Sasikumar Sujatha and Lakshmi, Mohan Lathika and Sreeja , Sreeharshan (2022) Urolithins: The Colon Microbiota Metabolites as Endocrine Modulators: Prospects and Perspectives. Frontiers in nutrition. ISSN 2296-861X

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Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) have been used in hormone related disorders, and their role in clinical medicine is evolving. Tamoxifen and raloxifen are the most commonly used synthetic SERMs, and their long-term use are known to create side effects. Hence, efforts have been directed to identify molecules which could retain the beneficial effects of estrogen, at the same time produce minimal side effects. Urolithins, the products of colon microbiota from ellagitannin rich foodstuff, have immense health benefits and have been demonstrated to bind to estrogen receptors. This class of compounds holds promise as therapeutic and nutritional supplement in cardiovascular disorders, osteoporosis, muscle health, neurological disorders, and cancers of breast, endometrium, and prostate, or, in essence, most of the hormone/endocrine-dependent diseases. One of our findings from the past decade of research on SERMs and estrogen modulators, showed that pomegranate, one of the indirect but major sources of urolithins, can act as SERM. The prospect of urolithins to act as agonist, antagonist, or SERM will depend on its structure; the estrogen receptor conformational change, availability and abundance of co-activators/co-repressors in the target tissues, and also the presence of other estrogen receptor ligands. Given that, urolithins need to be carefully studied for its SERM activity considering the pleotropic action of estrogen receptors and its numerous roles in physiological systems. In this review, we unveil the possibility of urolithins as a potent SERM, which we are currently investigating, in the hormone dependent tissues.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: PhytoSERM; estrogen receptor; pomegranate (Punica granatum L.); selective estrogen receptor modulators; urolithin.
Subjects: Cancer Research
Depositing User: Central Library RGCB
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2022 08:21
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2022 08:21
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/1130

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