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Ajith Kumar, G S and Binil, Raj and Santhosh Kumar, S and Kartha, C. C (2014) Ascending Aortic Constriction in Rats for Creation of Pressure Overload Cardiac Hypertrophy Model. Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, 88. ISSN 1940-087X

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Ascending aortic constriction is the most common and successful surgical model for creating pressure overload induced cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Here, we describe a detailed surgical procedure for creating pressure overload and cardiac hypertrophy in rats by constriction of the ascending aorta using a small metallic clip. After anesthesia, the trachea is intubated by inserting a cannula through a half way incision made between two cartilage rings of trachea. Then a skin incision is made at the level of the second intercostal space on the left chest wall and muscle layers are cleared to locate the ascending portion of aorta. The ascending aorta is constricted to 50-60% of its original diameter by application of a small sized titanium clip. Following aortic constriction, the second and third ribs are approximated with prolene sutures. The tracheal cannula is removed once spontaneous breathing was re-established. The animal is allowed to recover on the heating pad by gradually lowering anesthesia. The intensity of pressure overload created by constriction of the ascending aorta is determined by recording the pressure gradient using trans-thoracic two dimensional Doppler-echocardiography. Overall this protocol is useful to study the remodeling events and contractile properties of the heart during the gradual onset and progression from compensated cardiac hypertrophy to heart failure stage.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Medicine, Issue 88, ascending aorta, cardiac hypertrophy, pressure overload, aortic constriction, thoracotomy, surgical model.
Subjects: Cardiovascular Diseases And Diabetes Biology
Depositing User: Rgcb Library
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2017 04:28
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2019 09:07
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/119

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