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Dhanesh, SB and Subashini, C and Jackson , James (2016) Hes1: the maestro in neurogenesis. Cellular and molecular life sciences : CMLS, 73 (21). pp. 4019-4042. ISSN 1420-9071

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Abstract

The process of neurogenesis is well orchestrated by the harmony of multiple cues in a spatiotemporal manner. In this review, we focus on how a dynamic gene, Hes1, is involved in neurogenesis with the view of its regulation and functional implications. Initially, we have reviewed the immense functional significance drawn by this maestro during neural development in a context-dependent manner. How this indispensable role of Hes1 in conferring the competency for neural differentiation partly relies on the direct/indirect mode of repression mediated by very specific structural and functional arms of this protein has also been outlined here. We also review the detailed molecular mechanisms behind the well-tuned oscillatory versus sustained expression of this antineurogenic bHLH repressor, which indeed makes it a master gene to implement the elusive task of neural progenitor propensity. Apart from the functional aspects of Hes1, we also discuss the molecular insights into the endogenous regulatory machinery that regulates its expression. Though Hes1 is a classical target of the Notch signaling pathway, we discuss here its differential expression at the molecular, cellular, and/or regional level. Moreover, we describe how its expression is fine-tuned by all possible ways of gene regulation such as epigenetic, transcriptional, post-transcriptional, post-translational, and environmental factors during vertebrate neurogenesis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Notch signalingNeural stem cellNeural progenitorGliogenesisOscillationCNS development
Subjects: Neuro Stem Cell Biology
Depositing User: Rgcb Library
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2017 06:20
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2017 06:21
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/305

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