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Lekha Nair, K. and Vidyanand, S. and Jackson, James and Vinod Kumar, G. S. (2012) Pilocarpine-Loaded Poly(DL-lactic-co-glycolic acid) Nanoparticles as Potential Candidates for Controlled Drug Delivery with Enhanced Ocular Pharmacological Response. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 124 (3). 2030-2036. ISSN 1097-4628

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The poor corneal residence time of pilocarpine, an alkaloid extracted from the leaves of the Jaborandi plant, limits its ocular application. The aim of this study was to develop, characterize, and evaluate the potential of pilocarpine entrapped by poly(DL-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticle carriers for ocular drug delivery. Pilocarpine-loaded nanoparticles were prepared with a double-emulsion (water in oil in water) method and characterized with transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. The nanoparticles exhibited an average size of 82.7 nm with an encapsulation efficiency of 57%. Stability studies showed the absence of agglomeration and constancy in the amount of drug entrapped; this indicated the solidity of these particles for long-term use. The in vitro release studies conducted in simulated tear fluid showed the sustained release of pilocarpine. In vivo evaluation of the nanoparticles was done in a rabbit model with a miosis assay and compared to an equal dose of commercially available eye drops of pilocarpine (Pilocar drops). The in vivo miosis studies showed that the duration of miotic response increased by 40% for the nanoparticles and produced an almost 68% increase in total miotic response when compared to the eye drops. In conclusion, this study clearly demonstrated the potential of pilocarpine-loaded PLGA nanoparticles for multiplying the therapeutic effect of ophthalmic drug delivery with enhanced bioavailability and pharmacological response. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: biodegradable; compatibility; drug delivery systems; nanoparticle
Subjects: Chemical Biology
Depositing User: Central Library RGCB
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2017 06:27
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2019 07:49
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/377

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