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Syed, Khaja Mohieddin and Sunu , Joseph and Aditi , Majumder and Debasree, Dutta and Pillai, M R (2016) Histone chaperone APLF regulates induction of pluripotency in murine fibroblasts. Journal of cell science, 129 (24). pp. 4576-4591. ISSN 1477-9137

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Induction of pluripotency in differentiated cells through the exogenous expression of the transcription factors Oct4, Sox2, Klf4 and cellular Myc involves reprogramming at the epigenetic level. Histones and their metabolism governed by histone chaperones constitute an important regulator of epigenetic control. We hypothesized that histone chaperones facilitate or inhibit the course of reprogramming. For the first time, we report here that the downregulation of histone chaperone Aprataxin PNK-like factor (APLF) promotes reprogramming by augmenting the expression of E-cadherin (Cdh1), which is implicated in the mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition (MET) involved in the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs). Downregulation of APLF in MEFs expedites the loss of the repressive MacroH2A.1 (encoded by H2afy) histone variant from the Cdh1 promoter and enhances the incorporation of active histone H3me2K4 marks at the promoters of the pluripotency genes Nanog and Klf4, thereby accelerating the process of cellular reprogramming and increasing the efficiency of iPSC generation. We demonstrate a new histone chaperone (APLF)-MET-histone modification cohort that functions in the induction of pluripotency in fibroblasts. This regulatory axis might provide new mechanistic insights into perspectives of epigenetic regulation involved in cancer metastasis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: APLF; Histone chaperone; Histone modification; MET; MacroH2A.1; iPSCs
Subjects: Cancer Research
Depositing User: Rgcb Library
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2017 07:05
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2017 07:05
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/447

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