[feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0

David J, Holthausen and TV, Vineeth Kumar and Sanil, George and Pillai, M R (2017) An Amphibian Host Defense Peptide Is Virucidal for Human H1 Hemagglutinin-Bearing Influenza Viruses. Immunity, 46 (4). 587-595. ISSN 1097-4180

[img] Text
An Amphibian Host Defase(Immunity).pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (2353Kb) | Request a copy

Abstract

Although vaccines confer protection against influenza A viruses, antiviral treatment becomes the first line of defense during pandemics because there is insufficient time to produce vaccines. Current antiviral drugs are susceptible to drug resistance, and developing new antivirals is essential. We studied host defense peptides from the skin of the South Indian frog and demonstrated that one of these, which we named "urumin," is virucidal for H1 hemagglutinin-bearing human influenza A viruses. This peptide specifically targeted the conserved stalk region of H1 hemagglutinin and was effective against drug-resistant H1 influenza viruses. Using electron microscopy, we showed that this peptide physically destroyed influenza virions. It also protected naive mice from lethal influenza infection. Urumin represents a unique class of anti-influenza virucide that specifically targets the hemagglutinin stalk region, similar to targeting of antibodies induced by universal influenza vaccines. Urumin therefore has the potential to contribute to first-line anti-viral treatments during influenza outbreaks.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: innate immunity host defense peptide antiviral influenza
Subjects: Viral Disease Biology
Depositing User: Rgcb Library
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2017 09:01
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2017 09:01
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/465

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item