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Thomas , S A and Thamkachy , R and Ashokan , B and Komalam , R J and Sreerekha, K V and Bharathan, A and Santhoshkumar , T R and Rajasekharan , K N and Sengupta , S (2012) Diaminothiazoles Inhibit Angiogenesis Efficiently by Suppressing Akt Phosphorylation. The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 341(3). pp. 718-724. ISSN 1521-0103

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The prevention of neovessel formation or angiogenesis is a recent popular strategy for limiting and curing cancer. Diaminothiazoles are a class of compounds that have been reported to show promise in the treatment of cancer by inhibiting cancer cell proliferation and inducing apoptosis, because of their effects on microtubules and as inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinases. Many microtubule-targeting agents are being studied for their antiangiogenic activity, and a few have shown promising activity in the treatment of cancer. Here, we report that diaminothiazoles can be highly effective as antiangiogenic agents, as observed in the chick membrane assay. The lead compound, 4-amino-5-benzoyl-2-(4-methoxyphenylamino)thiazole (DAT1), inhibits endothelial cell processes such as invasion, migration, and tubule formation, which require a functional cytoskeleton. DAT1 also decreases the expression of cell adhesion markers. The antiangiogenic activities of DAT1 occur at concentrations that are not cytotoxic to the normal endothelium. Analysis of intracellular signaling pathways shows that DAT1 inhibits Akt phosphorylation, which is actively involved in the angiogenic process. The antiangiogenic properties of diaminothiazoles, in addition to their promising antimitotic and cytotoxic properties in cancer cell lines, give them an extra advantage in the treatment of cancer.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Cancer Research
Depositing User: Central Library RGCB
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2016 05:04
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2019 08:10
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/47

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