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Smitha V. , Bava and Arun Kumar, Thulasidasan T. and Sreekanth, Chanickal N. and Ruby John, Anto (2016) Cervical cancer: A comprehensive approach towards extermination. Annals of medicine, 48 (3). 149--61. ISSN 1365-2060

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Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted pathogen, globally. Oncogenic types of HPV are the causative agents of many neoplastic diseases, including cervical cancer, which ranks as the most common cancer affecting females in developing countries. HPV infection of the cervical epithelium and the subsequent integration of viral DNA into the host genome are the major risk factors for cervical cancer. The scientific discovery of HPV as the causal agent of cervical cancer has led to the development of HPV-based diagnostic tools. Prophylactic vaccines, based on the oncogenic HPV type virus-like particles have been introduced in several developed countries as a preliminary preventive approach. Nevertheless, it remains a continuous threat to women in developing countries, where the prophylactic vaccines are unaffordable and organized screening programmes are lacking. This warrants implementation of prevention strategies that will reduce cervical cancer-related mortality. In this review, we have discussed molecular pathogenesis of HPV infection and the risk factors associated with it. The diagnosis, treatment and prevention strategies of HPV-related cervical cancer have also been discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cervical cancer; HPV; diagnosis; prophylactic vaccines; treatment
Subjects: Cancer Research
Depositing User: Rgcb Library
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2018 06:53
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2018 06:53
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/503

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