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Gadadharan, Vijayakumar and Abdul , Jaleel (2017) Distinct Predictors and Comorbidities in Early Onset Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Among Asian Indians. Metabolic syndrome and related disorders, 15 (9). pp. 458-464. ISSN 1557-8518

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Abstract BACKGROUND: The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing worldwide, and the age of disease onset is falling. Although there is rising prevalence of early onset T2DM in India, little is known about their clinical characteristics and cardiovascular risks profiles. The aim of this study was to address this knowledge gap by comparing the characteristics of early onset T2DM and usual onset T2DM patients from our clinic population in India. METHODS: We studied the clinical and biochemical parameters of 98 consecutive early onset T2DM patients of age <45 and <5 years of disease duration and compared those parameters with 86 consecutive usual onset T2DM patients of age >50 years and similar disease duration. RESULTS: There was a strong component of family history of T2DM in early onset T2DM patients; however, no difference was observed in body mass index or waist circumference between the groups. When compared with usual onset group, the early onset T2DM patients were more hypertriglycedemic, with higher total cholesterol, higher total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein (HDL) ratio, higher low-density lipoprotein levels, and lower HDL cholesterol. Early onset T2DM patients showed significantly worse glycemic control and rapid decline in insulin secretion compared with usual onset T2DM patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that early onset T2DM in Asian Indians appears to be a disease phenotype with adverse risk factors having poor glycemic control and longer disease duration demanding strategies for novel clinical management.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Asian Indians; dyslipidemia; early onset; type 2 diabetes mellitus
Subjects: Cardiovascular Diseases And Diabetes Biology
Depositing User: Rgcb Library
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2018 08:40
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2018 08:40
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/555

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