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Savneet , Kaur and Chandrasekharan C , Kartha (2011) Transfection of Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase Gene Improves Angiogenic Efficacy of Endothelial Progenitor Cells in Rabbits with Hindlimb Ischemia. Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology, 2 (6). ISSN 2155-9880

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Background: The present study explored the effect of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene transfer on the angiogenic potential of ex vivo expanded endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in a rabbit model of hindlimb ischemia. Methods: Rabbit peripheral blood EPCs were cultured and transfected with mammalian expression vector pcDNA3.1-eNOS containing full-length human eNOS gene. Ischemia was induced in the right hind limb of three groups of rabbits by ligation of the distal external iliac artery and excision of the common and superficial femoral arteries. In one group of animals, ten days after the surgery, autologous eNOS-EPCs were transplanted intramuscularly in the ischemic limb. Two other groups received an equivalent number of unmodified EPCs or phosphate buffered saline (PBS) respectively. Results: Two weeks after cell transplantation, the in vivo expression of eNOS was detected in limb tissue sections of eNOS-EPCs treated animals. Animals treated with eNOS-EPCs had a significant reduction in ischemic muscle necrosis and inflammation, augmentation in the capillary density (P< 0.05) and angiographic scores demonstrating distal arterial reconstitution and enhanced angiogenesis in comparison to animals transplanted with EPCs or PBS (P< 0.05). Conclusion: We conclude that modification of EPCs by eNOS constitutes an effective strategy to improve the efficacy of EPCs for therapeutic angiogenesis.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Cardiovascular Diseases And Diabetes Biology
Depositing User: Rgcb Library
Date Deposited: 08 May 2018 08:21
Last Modified: 08 May 2018 08:21
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/581

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