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K K, Saju and N H , Jayadas and S, Vidyanand and Jackson, James (2011) Investigations into the molecular-level adhesion characteristics of hydroxyapatite-coated and anodized titanium surfaces using the molecular orbital approach. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of engineering in medicine, 225 (3). pp. 246-54. ISSN 2041-3033

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It has been established that the adhesion of cells on to the surfaces of orthopaedic implants depends on the ability of the surfaces to accommodate protein molecules. Hydroxyapatite coating and anodizing are the most common methods to make TiAl6V4 implants (Ti) more biocompatible. In this paper Spartan 02, a molecular dynamics software, is used to analyze and predict the bonding characteristics of Extra cellular matrix protein sequence arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) on a Hyrdoxyapatite (HA) coated Ti and an anodized Ti surface based on the property of its constituent atoms, their polarity (net electrostatic charge, Qr), the energies of the molecular orbital E_HOMO (energy of the highest occupied molecular orbital), and E_LUMO (energy of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital). The results show favourable criterion for formation of bonding between the HOMO orbital of the HA coated and anodized surfaces and LUMO orbital of the glycine strand from the RGD unit. The mechanism of bonding of individual atoms to form primary calcium oxide compounds is likely only in the case of HA coated surfaces . The surface texture of the anodized Ti with inherent porosities appear more responsible for the adsorption of proteins on to them by mechanical interlocking than the formation of any intermediate calcium oxide compounds.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: hydroxyapatite, Spartan 04, anodizing, molecular orbital
Subjects: Neuro Stem Cell Biology
Depositing User: Rgcb Library
Date Deposited: 11 May 2018 06:46
Last Modified: 11 May 2018 06:46
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/586

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