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Naheed, Ahmad and T. R. , Santhosh Kumar and Mahendra , Seervia (2018) Biosynthesized composites of Au-Ag nanoparticles using Trapa peel extract induced ROS-mediated p53 independent apoptosis in cancer cells. Drug and chemical toxicology, 1 (11). ISSN 1525-6014

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The current study highlights rapid, sustainable, and cost-effective biosynthesis of silver (Ag), gold (Au) nanoparticles (NPs), and bimetallic Au-AgNPs composites using bio-waste extract of Trapa natans. Growth of the NPs was monitored spectrophotometrically and peak was observed at ∼525 nm, ∼450 nm, and ∼495 nm corresponding to Plasmon absorbance of AuNPs, AgNPs, and Au-AgNPs, respectively. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed the size of AgNPs (∼15 nm), AuNPs (∼25 nm), and Au-AgNPs (∼26-90 nm). Synthesized NPs follow the Gaussian bell curve and its crystalline nature was identified by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Furthermore, Au-AgNPs induced cytotoxicity in various cancer cells (HCT116, MDA-MB-231, and HeLa) effectively at 200 μg/mL. Au-AgNPs-exposed cancer cells exhibited apoptotic features such as nuclear condensation, mitochondrial membrane potential loss, and cleavage of casp-3 and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP). Au-AgNPs exposure enhanced reactive oxygen species (ROS) and upon inhibition of ROS, apoptosis was reduced effectively. NPs treatment killed HCT116 WT and p53 knockout cells without any significant difference. Mechanistically, Au-AgNPs derived with Trapa peel extract significantly enhance ROS which trigger p53-independent apoptosis in various cancer cells effectively. Our study explores the use of bio-waste for the green synthesis of NPs, which can be attractive candidates for cancer therapy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Au-Ag nanoparticles; Trapa; apoptosis; bio-waste; green-synthesis; p53
Subjects: Cancer Research
Depositing User: Rgcb Library
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2018 06:38
Last Modified: 30 Jul 2018 06:38
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/668

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