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Swathy, Babu and Koramannil R , Saradalekshmi and Moinak , Banerjee (2018) Understanding the influence of antipsychotic drugs on global methylation events and its relevance in treatment response. Epigenomics, 10 (3). pp. 233-247. ISSN 1750-192X

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Abstract

AIM: The present study intends to evaluate whether antipsychotic drugs can modulate the host epigenome and if so whether drug-induced epigenetic modulation can explain the heterogeneity in drug response. METHODS: Present study was conducted in in vitro cells and significance of these in vitro observations was further evaluated in a clinical setting, between drug responsive and nonresponsive schizophrenia patients. A number of DNA modifications were assessed at global level using 5-methylcytosine, 5-hydroxymethylcytosine and 5-formylcytosine followed by evaluating the expression of epigenetic modifier genes and their crosstalk with miRNAs. RESULTS: In vitro data demonstrated that antipsychotic drugs induce epigenetic response by downregulating miRNA that target DNA methyltransferases, resulting in global hypermethylation. Similar trend was observed in clinical setting too and alterations were markedly associated with drug response rather than disease pathogenesis. CONCLUSION: Study demonstrates that antipsychotic drugs can influence host methylome and thereby indicating its role in mediating a strong pharmacoepigenomic response.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 5-hydroxymethylcytosine; 5-methylcytosine; DNA methyltransferases; antipsychotic drugs; epigenetics; gene expression; methylation; miRNA; pharmacoepigenetics; schizophrenia
Subjects: Human Molecular Genetics
Depositing User: Rgcb Library
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2018 07:33
Last Modified: 14 May 2019 09:58
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/670

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