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Krishna P. , Laladhas and Vino T, Cheriyan and Vineshkumar T , Puliappadamba and Smitha V, Bava and Ruby John, Anto (2010) A novel protein fraction from Sesbania grandiflora shows potential anticancer and chemopreventive efficacy, in vitro and in vivo. Journal of cellular and molecular medicine, 14 (3). 636-646. ISSN 1582-4934

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We report mechanism-based evidence for the anticancer efficacy of a protein fraction, SF2 (Sesbania fraction 2) isolated from the flower of the medicinal plant, Sesbania grandiflora (S. grandiflora). The fraction was evaluated in two murine ascites tumour cell lines and human cancer cell lines of different origin for its anticancer effect. SF2 inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptosis as demonstrated by DNA fragmentation and externalization of phosphatidyl serine in Daltons lymphoma ascites (DLA) and colon cancer cells (SW-480). Sensitivity to SF2 in these cells was associated with activation of caspases 3, 8 and 9, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage and cytochrome C release which attests apoptosis induced cell death. Mechanistically, SF2 down-regulated phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) induced NF-kappaB, a transcription factor which controls the expression of genes encoding proteins involved in cell regulation and growth control. Additionally, SF2 also down-regulated anti-apoptotic factors such as Bcl-2, p-Akt and cyclooxygenase-2 induced by the tumour promoter PMA suggestive of a possible explanation for its anticancer effect. In vivo studies using ascites and solid tumour models strongly support in vitro findings as SF2 administration increased the life span and decreased the tumour volume in mice bearing tumour. In vivo toxicological evaluation revealed the pharmacological safety of SF2 and may serve as a potential anticancer drug candidate.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sesbania grandiflora, apoptosis, chemoprevention, anticancer
Subjects: Cancer Research
Depositing User: Central Library RGCB
Date Deposited: 20 May 2019 09:08
Last Modified: 20 May 2019 09:08
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/751

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