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Bhavya Balan, Chandrika and Sathish Kumar , Maney and Swathi , U. Lekshmi and Santhoshkumar, T R (2010) Endoplasmic reticulum targeted Bcl2 confers long term cell survival through phosphorylation of heat shock protein 27. The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology, 42 (12). 1984-1992 . ISSN 1878-5875

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Overexpression of anti-apoptotic Bcl2 family proteins is often seen in cancers rendering them insensitive to apoptosis inducing anticancer strategies. Anti-apoptotic Bcl2 family proteins are associated with different organelles like mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and exert their anti-apoptotic activity by inhibiting the release of Cyt.C from mitochondria irrespective of its localization. Here, we have identified a long term survival function for Bcl2 targeted at ER in mammalian system compared to wild type Bcl2 that is mediated by enhanced phosphorylation of heat shock protein 27 at ser 15, 78 and 82 sites with inhibition of caspase9 activity. Phosphorylation of hsp27 was prevented and the survival of ER-Bcl2 cells was reversed by inhibiting p38 and MEK suggesting that these kinases can act as the upstream targets for hsp27 phosphorylation. The results suggest that Bcl2 possess additional survival function in the regulation of apoptosis which is primarily regulated by its association with the ER in an hsp27 dependent manner. The interplay of both hsp27 and ER-Bcl2 in providing long term survival to cancer cells is interesting since both of these proteins are overexpressed in tumors with aggressive phenotype. The results suggest that spatial localization of Bcl2 family proteins also play a key role in long term survival of cancers indicating another level of functional regulation of Bcl2 in cancer cell surviva

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Apoptosis Endoplasmic reticulum stress Endoplasmic reticulum targeted Bcl2 Caspase9
Subjects: Cancer Research
Depositing User: Rgcb Library
Date Deposited: 22 May 2019 09:00
Last Modified: 22 May 2019 09:00
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/760

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