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Tapas, Pradhan and Krishnanand , Padmanabhan and Manu , Prasad and S., Asha Nair (2019) Augmented CD133 expression in distal margin correlates with poor prognosis in colorectal cancer. Journal of cellular and molecular medicine, 23 (6). pp. 3984-3994. ISSN 1582-4934

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Pathological assessment of excised tumour and surgical margins in colorectal cancer (CRC) play crucial role in prognosis after surgery. Molecular assessment of margins could be more sensitive and informative than conventional histopathological analysis. Considering this view, we evaluated the distal surgical margins for expression of cancer stem cell (CSC) markers. Cellular and molecular assessment of normal, tumour and distal margin tissues were performed by flow cytometry, real-time q-PCR and immuno-histochemical analysis for CRC patients after tumour excision. CRC patients were evaluated for expression of CSC markers in their normal, tumour and distal tissues. Flow cytometry assay revealed CD133 and CD44 enriched cells in distal margin and tumour compared to normal colorectal tissues, which was further confirmed by immunohistochemistry. Most importantly, immunohistochemistry also revealed the enrichment of CSC markers expression in pathologically negative distal margins. Patients with distal margin enriched for CD133 expression showed an increased recurrence rate and decreased disease-free survival. This study proposes that although distal margin seems to be tumour free in conventional histopathological analysis, it could harbour cells enriched for CSC markers. Further CD133 could be a promising molecule to be used in molecular pathology for disease prognosis after surgery in CRC patients.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cancer stem cell marker, colorectal cancer, disease recurrence, distal margin, prognosis
Subjects: Cancer Research
Depositing User: Central Library RGCB
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2019 06:33
Last Modified: 30 Jul 2019 06:33
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/832

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