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Ann Mary, Alex and Saradalekshmi, K R. and Moinak, Banerjee (2019) Genetic association of DNMT variants can play a critical role in defining the methylation patterns in autism. IUBMB life, 71 (7). pp. 901-907. ISSN 1521-6551

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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder with impairments in social communication, restricted, repetitive and stereotyped behaviors. Both genetic and environmental factors are known to contribute toward pathophysiology of Autism. Environmental influences on gene expression can be mediated by methylation patterns which are established and maintained by DNA methyltransferases. Several studies in the past have investigated the role of global methylations in Autism. The present study is aimed to investigate the role of genetic variations in the DNA methyltransferase which might be critical in defining the threshold for environmental factors toward susceptibility to autism. Polymorphisms in DNA methyltransferases, DNMT1, DNMT3A, DNMT3B, and DNMT3L were screened for association with ASD in 180 autistic patients and 260 healthy controls from a south Indian population. DNMT1 rs10418707 and rs10423341, and DNMT3A rs2289195 were found to be significantly associated at genotypic and allelic level with ASD. Functional prediction indicates that these SNPs have a role in transcriptional regulation and increased expression, indicating that hypermethylation might be induced by its genotype status. The study might reflect the role of genetics variants in DNMTs in defining the threshold of environmental impact in influencing the disease or phenotype variations in ASD.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: DNA methyltransferases; autism; complex diseases; epigenetics; genetic variation; methylation; phenotype
Subjects: Human Molecular Genetics
Depositing User: Rgcb Library
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2019 06:52
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2019 06:53
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/863

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