[feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0

Sara, Jones and Shijulal , Nelson-Sathi and Raji , Prasad and Sabrina , Rayen and Vibhuti, Nandel and Radhakrishnan, Nair and Sanjai, Dharmaseelan and Dhanya Valaveetil, Chirundodh and Rakesh, Kumar and Pillai M R, (2019) Evolutionary, genetic, structural characterization and its functional implications for the influenza A (H1N1) infection outbreak in India from 2009 to 2017. Scientific Reports. ISSN 2045-2322

[img] Text
Evolutionary genetic structural (Sci Rep).pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (1462Kb) | Request a copy


Influenza A (H1N1) continues to be a major public health threat due to possible emergence of a more virulent H1N1 strain resulting from dynamic changes in virus adaptability consequent to functional mutations and antigenic drift in the hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) surface proteins. In this study, we describe the genetic and evolutionary characteristics of H1N1 strains that circulated in India over a period of nine years from 2009 to 2017 in relation to global strains. The finding is important from a global perspective since previous phylogenetic studies have suggested that the tropics contributed substantially to the global circulation of influenza viruses. Bayesian phylogenic analysis of HA sequences along with global strains indicated that there is a temporal pattern of H1N1 evolution and clustering of Indian isolates with globally circulating strains. Interestingly, we observed four new amino acid substitutions (S179N, I233T, S181T and I312V) in the HA sequence of H1N1 strains isolated during 2017 and two (S181T and I312V) were found to be unique in Indian isolates. Structurally these two unique mutations could lead to altered glycan specificity of the HA gene. Similarly, sequence and structural analysis of NA domain revealed that the presence of K432E mutation in H1N1 strains isolated after 2015 from India and in global strains found to induce a major loop shift in the vicinity of the catalytic site. The findings presented here offer an insight as to how these acquired mutations could be associated to an improved adaptability of the virus for efficient human transmissibility.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Laboratory Medicine & Molecular Diagnostics
Depositing User: Rgcb Library
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2020 09:21
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2020 09:21
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/919

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item