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Cheshta, Sharma and Shijulal, Nelson-Sathi and Pillai, M R (2019) Genomic perspective of triazole resistance in clinical and environmental Aspergillus fumigatus isolates without cyp51A mutations. Fungal genetics and biology, 132. ISSN 1096-0937

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Abstract

Aspergillus fumigatus is the most common etiologic agent of primarily all clinical manifestations of aspergillosis. A steady increase in the number of azole resistant A. fumigatus (ARAF) isolates from environment and clinical samples leading to therapeutic failures in clinical settings have alarmed the mycologists and clinicians worldwide. Although mutations in azole target cyp51A gene have been implicated in conferring azole resistance in A. fumigatus, recent studies have demonstrated occurrence of azole resistant strains without cyp51A mutations. In this study, next generation sequencing techniques and the expression profiling of transporter genes with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in clinical and environmental ARAF isolates with (G54E) and without known cyp51A mutations was undertaken to understand the genetic background and role of transporters in azole resistance. The raw reads of four ARAF strains when mapped to Af293 reference genome (>100X depth) covered at least 93.1% of the reference genome. Among all four strains, a total of 212,711 SNPs was identified with 37,829 were common in at least two isolates. The expression analysis suggested the overexpression of MFS transporter, namely, mfsC in all ARAF isolates. None of the resistant strain showed significant upregulation of cyp51A and cyp51B gene. On the other hand, abcD was upregulated (5-fold) in the isolates with cyp 51A mutation (G54E). The whole genome sequence analysis showed the presence of two previously described amino acid substitutions S269F and F390Y in HMG1 gene in a clinical panazole resistant strain without cyp51A mutations. These mutations have been previously associated with azole resistance in A. fumigatus strains without cyp51A mutations. Further, several punctual mutations and a large-segment deletion among different strains were observed suggesting the involvement of resistance mechanisms other than cyp51A.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Azole resistant Aspergillus fumigatus Whole genome sequencing Non-cyp51A mechanism mfsC abcD HMG1 ERG6
Subjects: Laboratory Medicine & Molecular Diagnostics
Depositing User: Rgcb Library
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2020 09:24
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2020 09:24
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/926

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