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Ved, PrakashDwivedi and Saptarshi, Biswas (2019) Diet and nutrition: An important risk factor in leprosy. Microbial pathogenesis, 137. ISSN 1096-1208

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Abstract

Leprosy, once considered as poor man's disease may cause severe neurological complications and physical disabilities. Classification of leprosy depends upon the cell mediated and humoral immune responses of the host, from tuberculoid to lepromatous stage. Current therapy to prevent the disease is not only very lengthy but also consists of expensive multiple antibiotics in combination. Treatment and the duration depend on the bacillary loads, from six months in paucibacillary to a year in multibacillary leprosy. Although as per WHO recommendations, these antibiotics are freely available but still out of reach to patients of many rural areas of the world. In this review, we have focused on the nutritional aspect during the multi-drug therapy of leprosy along with the role of nutrition, particularly malnutrition, on susceptibility of Mycobacterium leprae and development of clinical symptoms. We further discussed the diet plan for the patients and how diet plans can affect the immune responses during the disease.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Leprosy Multi-drug therapy Nutrition Immune responses Cytokines Cell mediated immunity Humoral immunity
Subjects: Mycobacterium Research
Depositing User: Rgcb Library
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2020 07:10
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2020 07:10
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/931

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