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Arathi, Rajan and Revathy, Nadhan and Neetha , Rajan Latha and Neethu , Krishnan and Arathy, V. Warrier and Priya, Srinivas (2021) Deregulated estrogen receptor signaling and DNA damage response in breast tumorigenesis. Biochimica et biophysica acta. Reviews on cancer, 1875 (1). ISSN 0304-419X

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Carriers of BRCA1 mutations have a higher chance of developing cancers in hormone-responsive tissues like the breast, ovary and prostate, compared to other tissues. These tumors generally exhibit basal-like characters and do not express estrogen receptor (ER) or progesterone receptor (PR). Intriguingly, BRCA1 mutated breast cancers have a less favorable clinical outcome, as they will not respond to hormone therapy. BRCA1 has been reported to exhibit ligand dependent and independent transcriptional inhibition of ER-α; however, there exists a controversy on whether BRCA1 induces or inhibits ER-α expression. The mechanisms associated with resistance of BRCA1 mutated cancers to hormone therapy, as well as the tissue restriction exhibited by BRCA1 mutated tumors are still largely unknown. BRCA1 mutated tumors possess increased DNA damages and decreased genomic integrity, as BRCA1 plays a cardinal role in high fidelity DNA damage repair pathways, like homologous recombination (HR). The existence of cross regulatory signaling networks between ER-α and BRCA1 speculates a role of ER on BRCA1 dependent DDR pathways. Thus, the loss or haploinsufficiency of BRCA1 and the consequential dereg-ulation of ER-α signaling may result in persistence of unrepaired DNA damages, eventually leading to tumori-genesis. Therefore, understanding of this cross-talk between ER-α and BRCA1, with regard to DDR, will provide critical insights to steer drug development and therapy for breast/ovarian cancers. This review discusses the mechanisms by which estrogen and ER signaling influence BRCA1 mediated DNA damage response and repair pathways in the mammalian system.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ER-α signaling DNA damage response BRCA1
Subjects: Cancer Research
Depositing User: Rgcb Library
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2021 06:55
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2021 06:55
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/992

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