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Srinivasan, Asha and Sweda, Sreekumar and E. V, Soniya (2016) Unravelling the complexity of microRNA-mediated gene regulation in black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) using highthroughput small RNA profiling. Plant cell reports, 35(1). pp. 53-63. ISSN 1432-203X

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KEY MESSAGE: Analysis of high-throughput small RNA deep sequencing data, in combination with black pepper transcriptome sequences revealed microRNA-mediated gene regulation in black pepper ( Piper nigrum L.). Black pepper is an important spice crop and its berries are used worldwide as a natural food additive that contributes unique flavour to foods. In the present study to characterize microRNAs from black pepper, we generated a small RNA library from black pepper leaf and sequenced it by Illumina high-throughput sequencing technology. MicroRNAs belonging to a total of 303 conserved miRNA families were identified from the sRNAome data. Subsequent analysis from recently sequenced black pepper transcriptome confirmed precursor sequences of 50 conserved miRNAs and four potential novel miRNA candidates. Stem-loop qRT-PCR experiments demonstrated differential expression of eight conserved miRNAs in black pepper. Computational analysis of targets of the miRNAs showed 223 potential black pepper unigene targets that encode diverse transcription factors and enzymes involved in plant development, disease resistance, metabolic and signalling pathways. RLM-RACE experiments further mapped miRNA-mediated cleavage at five of the mRNA targets. In addition, miRNA isoforms corresponding to 18 miRNA families were also identified from black pepper. This study presents the first large-scale identification of microRNAs from black pepper and provides the foundation for the future studies of miRNA-mediated gene regulation of stress responses and diverse metabolic processes in black pepper.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Black pepperSpicesmicroRNAsHigh-throughput sequencingmiRNA isoformsTargets
Subjects: Plant Disease Biology & Biotechnology
Depositing User: Rgcb Library
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2017 05:22
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2017 05:22
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/109

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