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Aswati Nair, R. and George, Thomas (2013) Molecular characterization of ZzR1 resistance gene from Zingiber zerumbet with potential for imparting Pythium aphanidermatum resistance in ginger. Gene, 516 (1). pp. 58-65. ISSN 1879-0038

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Soft rot disease caused by the oomycete Pythium aphanidermatum (Edson) Fitzp. is the most economically significant disease of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) in tropical countries. All available ginger cultivars are susceptible to this pathogen. However a wild ginger relative viz., Zingiber zerumbet L. Smith, was identified as a potential soft rot resistance donor. In the present study, a putative resistance (R) gene designated, ZzR1 was isolated and characterized from Z. zerumbet using sequence information from Zingiber RGCs identified in our earlier experiments. Analysis of the 2280 bp segment revealed a 2157 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a putative cytoplasmically localized protein. The deduced ZzR1 protein shared high homology with other known R-genes belonging to the CC-NBS-LRR (coiled coil-nucleotide binding site-leucine rich repeat) class and had a calculated molecular weight of 84.61kDa. Real-time PCR analysis of ZzR1 transcription in Z. zerumbet following pathogen infection demonstrated activation at 3 hpi thus suggesting an involvement of ZzR1 in Z. zerumbet defense mechanism. Although many R-genes have been characterized from different taxa, none of them will help in the development of resistant ginger cultivars owing to the phenomenon of "Restricted Taxonomic Functionality" (RTF). Thus ZzR1 gene characterized from the resistant wild Zingiber accession represents a valuable genomic resource for ginger improvement programs. This first report on R-gene isolation from the Zingiber secondary gene pool is pivotal in designing strategies for engineering resistance in ginger, which is otherwise not amenable to conventional improvement programs owing to sexual reproduction barriers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: CC-NBS-LRR; Zingiber zerumbet; Ginger; Resistance gene; Pythium spp.; Genome walker
Subjects: Plant Disease Biology & Biotechnology
Depositing User: Rgcb Library
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2017 03:58
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2019 07:50
URI: http://rgcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/183

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